St Peter Rural was a civil parish in Hertfordshire, England from 1894 to 1947. The local council was St Peter Rural Parish Council.
It was created under the Local Government Act 1894 from the part of the ancient parish of St Peter which was outside the Municipal Borough of St Albans.

It was gradually reduced in size over the years. In 1913 992 acres were transferred to St Albans. In 1935 a further 436 acres were transferred as part of a county review order and 923 acres went to Bishops Hatfield. As part of the review 186 acres were gained from North Mimms, 67 acres from Ridge and 325 acres from Shenley. The population in 1901 was 3,568 and in 1931 it was 7,908. It was abolished in 1947, being split between the new parishes of Colney Heath and London Colney.

Colney Heath Parish Council was formed in 1947 and comprised of the areas of Colney Heath Village, Sleapshyde and Tyttenhanger. After boundary changes and new developments Oaklands, Hill End and Highfield started to be added from 2007/08. The current Precept for this Parish Council is £178,500 (2018/19) with 4,509 electors and 2,241 homes.

This Council has 9 elected Councillors from 3 wards which are Colney Heath, Highfield and Hill End. These Councillors are either elected every 4 years or they may be co-opted. The last elections took place on 2nd May 2019 and the next will be in May 2023.